Salemburg is a town in Sampson County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 469 at the 2000 census. Salemburg is located on N.C. 242 between U.S. Highway 421 and N.C. 24, 12 miles west of Clinton, 20 miles east of Interstate 40, and 20 miles west of Interstate 95. The town incorporated as Salemburg in 1905. Salemburg was the home of the former Southwood College. The North Carolina Justice Academy operates out of the former college.