Meyersdale is a borough in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, on the Casselman River, 73 miles (117 km) southeast of Pittsburgh. In the past, its chief industry was the mining of coal. Meyersdale was first settled as early as 1776, but the growth of the town dates from the advent of the first railroad in 1871. Coal mining began in the next year. In 1900, 3,024 people resided in Meyersdale. By 1910, 3,741 people lived in the borough. The population was 2,473 at the 2000 census.